Glove Lining Classification
In the glove industry. What we call lining is actually fabric. It is a product woven from yarn that is soft and has certain mechanical properties and thickness. The inner liner does more than just provide a better donning experience for the glove. In many cases, the addition of linings gives gloves more important functions. Cold-resistant gloves need inner linings to provide protection against cold and warmth in low-temperature environments; heat-insulating gloves need inner linings to provide flame-retardant and heat-insulating functions; cut-resistant gloves need inner linings to provide sufficient strength to resist cutting. Therefore, the inner liner is a very important material for gloves.
Of course, fabrics can also be classified according to fiber type, length, linear density, yarn structure and shape, etc. Here, the description is mainly based on the classification of textile fibers commonly used in the glove industry.
The textile fibers of the inner lining are mainly divided into natural fibers and chemical fibers. Natural fibers include plant fibers (such as cotton) and animal fibers (such as wool and silk). Chemical fibers are mainly divided into three categories: 1. Regenerated fibers: fibers made from natural cellulose fibers. Rayon and rayon are included. 2: Synthetic fibers: polyester, acrylic, spandex, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, etc. are the most commonly used in gloves. 3: Inorganic fibers: such as silicate fibers, metal fibers, etc.
Common lining materials in gloves include cotton, polyester, acrylic, spandex, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride and other pure fabrics and their blended fabrics.
Cotton is the most common natural plant fiber fabric. It is divided into long-staple cotton, fine-staple cotton, and coarse-staple cotton, among which long-staple cotton is the best. ●Advantages of cotton: soft and comfortable to wear, bright and rich in color, heat-resistant, strong water absorption and good air permeability. ●Disadvantages: easy to wrinkle, needs ironing, easy to dye, easy to mold, poor acid resistance.
Polyester is a fabric in which polyethylene terephthalate is spun into a single fiber through a spinning hole in a molten state. The advantages of polyester are: good strength, good light resistance, good elasticity, and corrosion resistance , Wear-resistant, good thermoplasticity. ●Disadvantages: poor dyeability and poor hygroscopicity.
Polyamide fiber, commonly known as nylon. ●Its biggest advantage is strong and wear-resistant, low density, light fabric, good elasticity, fatigue resistance, good chemical stability, alkali resistance but not acid resistance, The biggest disadvantage is poor sunlight resistance, and the fabric will change after long exposure Yellow, the strength is reduced, and the moisture absorption is not good, but it is better than acrylic and polyester.
Polyacrylonitrile fiber, a synthetic fiber. Acrylic fiber is known as artificial wool. ●It has the advantages of softness, bulkiness, easy dyeing, bright color, light resistance, antibacterial, and no fear of moths. ●It has good resistance to sunlight and weather, but it has poor moisture absorption and is difficult to dye. It can be used to process bulked yarn.
Polypropylene fiber is the lightest fiber among common chemical fibers. ●It hardly absorbs moisture, ●But it has good wicking ability, high strength, and the fabric made of it has poor thermal stability and is prone to aging and brittleness.
Polyurethane fiber, referred to as PU. Spandex is generally not used alone, but mixed into fabrics in small amounts, such as core-spun yarns.
07 polyester cotton
It is a blended fabric of polyester and cotton. It has good elasticity and wear resistance under dry and wet conditions. It has stable size and small shrinkage. Oil is hydrophobic, easy to adhere to oil stains, and does not absorb moisture.